Euphorbia schoenlandii has its distribution in the Northern Cape Province and is restricted to the districts of Van Rhijnsdorp, Vredendal and Clanwilliam.
These succulents plants are often found growing on plains. They are mostly single stemmed and can grow with age to a height of some 1.3 meter. Usually the plants are shorter.
The plants are rather similar to the slightly smaller Euphorbia fasciculata. One notable difference is that the spines of Euphorbia schoenlandii are modified sterile peduncles (developed similarly to real flower stalks but never produced any cyathia (flowers)), while in E fasciculata the peduncles are fertile. In the latter case the peduncles remain half withered after the seed ripens but never develop into spines.
The bisexual cyathia of Euphorbia schoenlandii develop on shorter peduncles that wither away after the seed ripens.
The stems have attractive tubercles.
Euphorbia schoenlandii is propagated from seed and grown in well drained soil. Leave the soil to dry out well between watering. The plants like hot conditions in summer and full sun. The minimum winter temperature in habitat is about -3 deg Celsius, sometimes lower.
Euphorbia schoenlandii in cultivation.
Euphorbia schoenlandii cyathium with young seed capsule starting to develop.